Women Divers

SCUBADOC Diving Medicine Online

Postpartum Diving

After vaginal delivery, diving can be resumed after released by the obstetrician. This is usually after the cervix closes, about 21 days. In another week, most muscle tone has returned, depending upon the level of activity of the mother. Barring any pregnancy related complications, such as anemia and poorly healed episiotomy return to diving is […]

PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)

PMS is an ill-defined group of symptoms that are associated with the hormonal changes that occur in the week or so prior to menses. When severe, the personality and anti-social behavior associated with PMS could be a definite problem in diver interaction on a dive-boat and with a buddy. If the PMS is severe, there […]

Breast Feeding

There is some concern among divers who are nursing that their infants might be harmed by ‘nitrogen bubbles’ in breast milk. This of no concern as nitrogen does not seem to form bubbles in the milk located in the breast glands. Even if the nitrogen were in bubbles, it would do the infant no harm. […]

Breast Implants

There has been one study done with implants placed in a hyperbaric chamber. This study included silicone, saline and silicone/saline filled at various depth/time profiles that would be seen during recreational diving. The study indicated a 1-4% increase in size of bubbles during the study. Saline implants absorbed less nitrogen, N2 being more soluble in […]

Menopause, Osteoporosis

There is no pool of diving data to indicate that women are at any more or less risk of DCS or osteonecrosis when perimenopausal or post menopausal. Average menopausal age is 50, osteopoross usually starts between ages 60-65 and fractures average at 70-75. Osteonecrosis and osteoporosis have differing pathophysiologic mechanisms; osteonecrosis resulting from blockage of […]


At the onset of menses the girl usually has reached 95% of her terminal height, most often reaching full adult size and stature within 1-2 years. There is a phase of rapid fat deposition in this 13-15 year old period, sometimes with a significant decrease in power and aerobic capacity. Performance measures peak at age […]

Risks for Women Divers

It appears that from the best information and experience that it is as safe for women to dive as it is for men, using the diving safety guidelines which are standard for all national certifying agencies and the federal government. Dr. Caroline Fife, after considering all the experimental and survey data, had the following comments […]

Diving And Pregnancy

One of the most frequent questions people ask is regarding scuba diving while pregnant. The quick answer is “Please don’t dive” while you’re pregnant. We don’t have very good data showing that hyperbaric pressure harms the fetus, and in fact, there are case records of HBO treatment of pregnant mothers with carbon monoxide poisoning without […]
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